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Prognosis and Prevention of CKD

2012-09-14 09:35

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by gradual loss of kidney function over time. High risk groups include those with Diabetes, high blood pressure and family history of kidney disease. African Americans, Hispanics, Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and Seniors are at increased risk.

1. Prognosis

So far, a cure for Chronic Kidney Disease is not yet available. The natural course of the disease is to progress until end-stage kidney failure, wherein dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed.

·People with CKD have much higher risk than the general population to develop heart attacks and strokes.

· Patients receiving dialysis have an overall 5 year survival rate of 32 percent. The elderly and diabetics have worsen outcomes.

·Individuals who receive a kidney transplant from a living related donor have a 2 year survival rate greater than 90 percent.

· Persons receiving a kidney from a donor who has died have a 2 year survival rate of 88 percent.

2. Prevention

·Keep the blood pressure below 130/80 with with drugs called angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, diet, and exercises.

·Control the blood sugar within a target range if you have Diabetes.

·Maintain a healthy weight, which can help prevent other diseases like Diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

·Don't smoke or use other tobacco products. Smoking may cause atherosclerosis, which decreases blood flow to the kidneys and increases blood pressure.

·Limit your alcohol to two small drinks every day for a make or one small drink per day for a female.

·Do things that help you relax and reduce stress levels.

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