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Tests And Exams for CKD


2012-10-01 15:52

Tests And Exams for CKDChronic kidney disease(CKD) often develops progressively.Early inspection and treatment can stop the disease progression and prevent it from developing into renal failure. Tests and exams for CKD mainly include:

Tests for renal function

Kidneys can remove wastes and fluids from body. When kidney function decreased, wastes like urea, creatinine and certain electrolytes.The follow tests to measure the levels fo wastes and toxins in your blood and can show how your kidneys are working.

Blood creatinine test

The test measures the creatinine level in your blood. The creatinine level can help to estimate the glomerular filtration rate(GFR). Based on GFR, CKD can be divided into five stages.

BUN test

BUU test shows the amount of nitrogen in your blood. Nitrogen is the product of urea. BUN level increases when the kidneys are unable to work adequately to remove urea from the blood.

Urinalysis

Urinalysis and a urine test for microalbumin can measure the protein in your urine. In right condition, there is little or no protein in urine.

Test for parathyroid hormone(PTH)

It can help control calcium and phosphorus levels. If phosphorus level is too high, it can increase the risk of developing cardiovascular diseases significantly.

Kidney imaging tests

Kidney imaging tests can show the size and structure of the kidneys and the presence of any abnormal masses on kidneys. The commonly used kidney imaging tests commonly include X-rays, CT scan, MRI scan and IVP.

Kidney biopsy

Kidney biopsy is a procedure, in which a small piece of kidney tissues is collected from kidneys and then is observed under a microscope. This test is done to determine the cause, severity and possible treatment of a kidney disorder.


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