In stage 4 kidney disease,kidneys are impaired severely and a myriad of symptoms occur.The diet goals should be help minimize symptoms and provide adequate nutrients to slow the disease progression.What is the diet for stage 4 kidney disease?
In stage 4 kidney disease, renal function decline to 15~29% of the normal.As a result, urea, toxins and excess minerals accumulate in blood,leading to the nausea,vomiting,poor sleep,nerve damage, fatigue,lung edema etc. A kidney-friendly diet can make you live a better quality life and slow renal function deterioration.
Protein and stage 4 Kidney Disease
The product of protein is the urea which is toxic substance.As the diseased kidneys fail to remove the urea from body,the patients should reduce protein supplement.If glomerular filtration rate(GFR) drops below 25 (How to Improve Glomerular Filtration Rate), or approximately 25% remaining renal function, protein intake of 0.6 grams per kg of body weight is recommended to the patients.Half of your protein should come from high-quality sources that provide all the essential amino acids such as eggs, milk, red meat, poultry. How much protein should you take each day? Please consult us on line to get a reference.
Sodium and stage 4 kidney disease
A low-sodium diet is often recommended to people with stage 4 kidney disease.It can help treat fluid retention and high blood pressure.The recommended sodium for the patients is 1,000 to 4000mg/day based on fluid balance,blood pressure and other diseases which can affect sodium requirement.
Phosphorus and stage 4 kidney disease
Phosphorus restriction is an important part in diet for stage 4 kidney disease.As the kidneys fail to remove phosphorus from body,it can build up in body. High phosphorus can cause increased production of PTH which can result in a release of calcium and phosphorus from your bones.Diet for stage 4 kidney disease should include a phosphorus restriction of 800~1000mg daily.
Potassium and stage 4 kidney disease
If blood potassium is too high in blood,it can lead to irregular heartbeat.If the blood work shows high potassium level,a potassium restriction of 2,000~3000 mg a day will be recommended.
The above is a general diet for stage 4 kidney disease.As the illness condition varies from individual to individual, a personalized should be made based on your blood work.