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Heart Attack in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)


2013-08-26 13:43

Heart Attack in Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)Chronic kidney disease (CKD) refers to progressive loss of renal function. As a result,the kidneys fail to work inefficiently, thus resulting in building up of toxins and wastes in body. Most of the patients with CKD are actually more likely to die of cardiovascular disease like heart attack and stroke than the kidney disease itself.

Causes of heart attack in CKD

-An important risk factor of heart attack in CKD is high blood pressure. As the filters in kidneys are impaired, it will result in excessive accumulation of fluid in body. Excess fluid contributes to higher blood pressure, which can lead to more blood-vessel damage.

Other attributable factors of heart attack in CKD mainly include:

-Anemia is commonly seen CKD.Prolonged anemia can cause the heart to develop a left ventricular hypertrophy.This can lead to congestive heart failure.

-Hyperkalemia can contribute to heart attack in CKD.As the kidneys fail to remove potassium from body, it can lead to hyperkalemia.Higher levels of potassium in body may lead to irregular heartbeat.

-Excess calcium or phosphorus in the blood, which can stiffen and narrow the blood vessels.

-High homocysteine levels can damage artery walls and encourage dangerous clots.

-For people with Diabetes,high blood sugar level is also a significant cause of heart attack.

Then how to control these risk factors to reduce the risk of heart attack in CKD? Chat with our online medical professional now!

How to reduce heart attack in CKD?

Because CKD is connected with heart attack closely, it is important for renal patients to take precautions to reduce the risk of heart attack.

*Moderate exercise not only can benefit kidney health,but also can improve your cholesterol,maintain a healthy weight and lower blood pressure.

*Quit smoking and keep moderate consumption of alcohol.Cigarette can harden blood vessels directly. Excess consumption of alcohol can elevate blood pressure.

*Change your diet.Choose low-cholesterol and low-sodium food as well as avoid trans fat.Getting more fiber by increasing the consumption of vegetables and fruits.

*Keep blood sugar level under control if you have diabetes.

The above is just a brief introduction of ways to prevent heart attack in CKD. For more detailed information, you can email to kidneyabc@hotmail.com .




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