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Is Hyperkalemia a Symptom of CKD

2013-12-01 15:42

Is Hyperkalemia a Symptom of CKDHyperkalemia (high blood potassium) means that there are higher potassium in blood than the normal range. Many people wonder whether it is a symptom of CKD, today let’s have a general look at hyperkalemia.

What causes high blood potassium?

-Too much consumption of diet rich in potassium

-The excretion of potassium decreases.

-Tissues in the body are damaged.

-Drugs that inhibit the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone axis and medications that affect kidney function such as potassium sparing diuretics.

The main reason why potassium in the blood increases is because of impaired urinary potassium excretion. Kidneys are the organ responsible for removing excess potassium from the body. Once there is something wrong with kidneys, it loses the ability to get rid of potassium. If the kidney is working properly, diet and tissue trauma rarely leads to hyperkalemia.

Treatment for high blood potassium

The urgency of treatment of hyperkalemia varies with the cause and the presence or absence of the symptoms and signs associated with hyperkalemia.

*Limit the consumption of the following diet.

-Fruit: bananas, apples, grapes, watermelon, oranges, apricot etc.

-Vegetables: spinach, cabbage, eggplant, tomato, potato, mushroom, beans etc.

-Seaweeds: nori, kelp etc.

-Cereal: buckwheat, corn, sweet potato, soy bean etc

*Discontinue medications that increase blood potassium levels.

*Diuretic can decrease the total potassium stores through increasing potassium excretion in the urine.

*Sodium bicarbonate can counteract acidosis and promote movement of potassium from the extracellular space back into the cells.

*Intravenous administration of glucose and insulin, which promotes movement of potassium from the extracellular space back into the cells.

*Dialysis is needed if the above measures have failed or if kidney failure is present.

For CKD patients, improving kidney function is the fundamental way to relieve hyperkalemia. Natural remedies without side effects are recommended.

Hyperkalemia is a symptom of CKD, so you should pay attention when it occurs, or it may develop to kidney failure.

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