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Chronic Kidney Disease

CKD basics

What is Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)?

Having Chronic Kidney Disease means that your kidneys are not working as well as they once did. Your kidneys play an important role to filter the blood. They remove waste products and extra fluid and flush them from the body as urine. With loss of kidney function, there is a build up of water; wastes; and toxic substances in the body. You may develop complications such as high blood pressure, anemia, weak bones, poor nutritional health and nerve damage. Also, kidney disease increases your risk of having heart and blood vessel disease.

Chronic Kidney Disease has been happening bit by bit for many years as a result of damage to your kidneys. Eventually, Kidney Failure can be caused, which requires dialysis or a kidney transplant to stay alive.

Five stages of Chronic Kidney Disease

Stage Description GFR
1 Kidney damage with normal or increased GFR >=90
2 Kidney damage with mild GFR fall 60-89
3 Moderate fall in GFR 30-59
4 Severe fall in GFR 15-29
5 Established renal failure < 15 or dialysis


Causes of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD)

Chronic Kidney Disease is caused by damage to the kidneys. The most common causes of this damage are:

·High blood pressure.

·Diabetes (high blood sugar).

Other conditions that affect the kidneys are:

·Glomerulonephritis, a group of diseases that cause inflammation and damage to the kidney's filtering units.

·Inherited diseases like Polycystic Kidney Disease, which causes large cysts to form in the kidneys and damage the surrounding tissue.

·Malformations that a baby is born with.

· Lupus and other diseases that affect the body's immune system.

·Repeated urinary infections.

·Obstructions caused by problems like kidney stones, tumors or an enlarged prostate gland in men.

If you have been diagnosed with CKD, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

Most people may not have any severe symptoms until their kidney disease is advanced. As the kidney function declines, patients may experience symptoms as below:

CKD symptoms

·Frequent urination, especially at night (nocturia)

·Puffiness or swelling of the legs, around the eyes, ankles.

·High blood pressure

·Fatigue and weakness

·Loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting

·Urinate less than normal

·Foaming urine

·Pain or burning when passing urine

·Dry, pale, itchy skin, easy bruising

·Muscle cramps

·Headaches, numbness in the feet or hands, disturbed sleep, altered mental status, and restless legs syndrome

·Chest pain, bone pain and fractures

·Decreased sexual interest and erectile dysfunction

If you have one or more of these symptoms, it does not mean you have Chronic Kidney Disease. However, it is important to discuss any symptoms with your doctor. They may indicate other health problems.

If you have been diagnosed with CKD, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

CKD treatment

Chronic Kidney Disease(CKD) refers to gradual and progressive loss of renal function. It is usually caused by other conditions like high blood pressure, Diabetes, etc. Treatment options for CKD are as follows:

Conservative treatment

* Good control of high blood pressure with medications and exercise as well as diet, is very important in protecting the kidneys.

* If your CKD is due to Diabetes, kidneys will be helped by excellent sugar control.

* Avoid dehydration and medications that could damage your kidneys.

* Immunosuppressive drugs and hormone can help control symptoms, such as proteinuria.

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy

Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is an external therapy on the basis of traditional Chinese medicine. Based on the patients' kidney damage degree, stage of CKD, causes of CKD, different types of medicines are prescribed in the therapy. The medicines can be shattered and then be penetrated into kidney lesions directly with the help of osmosis devices. This therapy can guarantee the effective medicine ingredients are absorbed by kidneys completely. Therefore, the patients can achieve a better curative effect.

Immunotherapy

Immunotherapy aims at treating CKD by correcting immune dysfunction and rebuilding kidney structure. In right condition, the immune system can protect human body against foreign harmful substances. However, sometimes, the immune system become disordered due to some causes. That is how CKD occurs. Immunotherapy can treat CKD from its causes, thus achieving a better curative effect.

Medicated bath

In CKD, as kidneys are damaged, high levels of toxins and wastes will build up in body and blood supply to kidneys will reduce. When soaked in bath, your sweat pore will open up and some effective medicines can enter body through sweat pore. The medicines can improve blood circulation to increase blood supply to kidneys. On the other hand, it can help the secretion of metabolic wastes and extra fluids from body. In this way, it can relieve swelling, skin itching and other problems.

Renal replacement therapies

Over time, if CKD gets worse, the kidneys fail to work adequately. In this case, renal replacement therapies have to used to maintain normal physiological activities. Dialysis and kidney transplant are major replacement therapies for advanced CKD.

If you have been diagnosed with CKD, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

CKD Diagnosis

The doctor will ask questions about any past kidney problems, whether the person has a family history of kidney disease, and what medicines he or she takes.

Besides, lab tests as below may be required to make a diagnosis of Chronic Kidney Disease:

·Urine tests. A urinalysis can reveal abnormalities in the urine including protein. A 24-hour urine collection is needed for an accurate measure of the protein in the urine as well as an analysis for waste products (creatinine, and urea nitrogen).

·Blood tests. If a person has renal disease, a blood test may show increased levels of creatinine and urea in the blood due to kidney dysfunction. The blood cell counts may show low levels of red blood cell count and hemoglobin (anemia). Additionally, kidney dysfunction causes imbalances in electrolytes (especially potassium, phosphorus, and calcium) and acid-base imbalance.

·Ultrasound. This is often used in the diagnosis of kidney disease. Generally, kidneys are shrunken in size in Chronic Kidney Disease, although they may be normal or even large in size in cases caused by Adult PKD, Diabetic Nephropathy, and amyloidosis.

· Kidney biopsy. A sample of the kidney tissue is sometimes required in cases in which the cause of kidney disease is unclear. Often, a biopsy can be collected with local anesthesia by introducing a needle through the skin into the kidney.

If you have been diagnosed with CKD, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

CKD knowledge

Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is a condition characterized by gradual loss of kidney function over time. High risk groups include those with Diabetes, high blood pressure and family history of kidney disease. African Americans, Hispanics, Pacific Islanders, Native Americans and Seniors are at increased risk.

1. Prognosis

So far, a cure for Chronic Kidney Disease is not yet available. The natural course of the disease is to progress until end-stage kidney failure, wherein dialysis or a kidney transplant is needed.

·People with CKD have much higher risk than the general population to develop heart attacks and strokes.

· Patients receiving dialysis have an overall 5 year survival rate of 32 percent. The elderly and diabetics have worsen outcomes.

·Individuals who receive a kidney transplant from a living related donor have a 2 year survival rate greater than 90 percent.

· Persons receiving a kidney from a donor who has died have a 2 year survival rate of 88 percent.

2. Prevention

·Keep the blood pressure below 130/80 with with drugs called angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors, diet, and exercises.

·Control the blood sugar within a target range if you have Diabetes.

·Maintain a healthy weight, which can help prevent other diseases like Diabetes, high blood pressure, and heart disease.

·Don't smoke or use other tobacco products. Smoking may cause atherosclerosis, which decreases blood flow to the kidneys and increases blood pressure.

·Limit your alcohol to two small drinks every day for a make or one small drink per day for a female.

·Do things that help you relax and reduce stress levels.

If you have been diagnosed with CKD, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

CKD Health care

Developing a healthy lifestyle may be able to help prevent some long-term complications of kidney disease like bone disease or heart problems and maintain the kidney function for as long as possible.

·Exercise regularly and sensibly. Through adequate rest is important for people with renal disease, exercise may help the kidney condition, particularly for early stage patients. Exercises can help you lose weight, strengthen muscles, improve the health of heart, reduce depression and anxiety as well as improve one's psychological well-being. Choose the most suitable sports and exercises based on the current physical condition and past history of exercise.

·Partake a nutritious diet. In general, people with CKD are recommended to have small regular meals, do energy-increasing physical activities and eat a low calorie diet (limit the intake of protein, sodium, potassium, and phosphorus). Some patients are also suggested to reduce the fluid intake.

In the daily diet, minimize or avoid eating the following foods:

High-potassium: oranges, banana, kiwis, avocado, papayas, cantaloupe, potatoes, tomatoes, spinach, fellow leafy vegetables, sweet potato and animal protein.

High-sodium: canned foods, pickles, smoked meat, processed cheese, packed chips, junk food and crackers.

High-phosphorus: dairy products, nuts, beans, cocoa, cold drinks, and beer.

High-fluid: apples, orange, grapes, lettuce, etc.

·No smoking. Smoking is an important risk factor that has been shown to hasten the progression of kidney disease. In addition, smoking increase high blood pressure and cardiovascular risks, two health problems that often occur along with renal disease.

·Pay attention to your emotions. Give yourself time to adjust and feel in control again. While dealing with uncertainty about the future or with changes in your lifestyle and relationships, it it normal to go through a period of upheaval.

·Cultivate your appreciation of life; do things that are most meaningful and bring you the most joy.

If you have been diagnosed with CKD, we're here to help. Call us: +86-311-86954186 OR email us: kidneyabc@hotmail.com(Monday through Sunday) to make an appointment.

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