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Diabetes is one of leading causes of renal failure.When kidneys are damaged permanently and fail their ability to filter wastes from body, dialysis will be required. What is their life span?
It is hard to tell the life span of the patients with diabetes on dialysis because it depends on variables like kidney damage degree, other health problems, treatment methods, etc. Based on some statistics, the rough survival rate for people with diabetes on dialysis is 82% in one year, 48% in 3 three years and 28% in 5 years.
It is reported that the patients with renal failure due to diabetes have a shorter life span than non-diabetics. It is because the patients with diabetes are more likely to develop complications than other patients. These complications can cause extra risks to the patients on dialysis. Also for thees complications, dialysis usually starts earlier for the patients with diabetes.
As high blood glucose level can damage blood vessels over the whole body, cardiovascular diseases are commonly seen in diabetes. Heart failure is the primary death cause for the patients on dialysis. Additionally, nervous diseases, foot problems and digestive tract diseases also can affect the life span of the patients with diabetes. Therefore, it is of significance to prolong their life span by controlling the complications.
Along with adequate dialysis and controlling complications of diabetes, proper health care and effective treatment are also of importance in extending their life span.
Diet restrictions for patients on dialysis are different from other renal failure patients. As they may loss potassium and proteins during the treatment process, they should increase the supplement in daily diet. They should discuss with a dietitian before they start a dietary program.
Treatment method the patients choose is a decisive factor for the life span of the patients with diabetes on dialysis. As their native kidneys fail to work due to necrosis of kidney tissues and cells, the fundamental treatment method is to reconstruct kidney structure and restore renal function. In this way, their life span will be extended remarkably.