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What Are Short-term Complications of Diabetes Mellitus

2012-10-06 17:46

Diabetes mellitus is a group of systemic metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar. If blood sugar is controlled poorly, it can produce a class of complications including short complications and long complications. Short-term complications of diabetes mellitus mainly include:


Hypoglycemia is a disorder featured with low blood sugar. It occurs when blood sugar level drops too low and is more common in type 1 diabetes than in type 2. It may be due to too potent medications or excessive exercise. If you experience the symptoms of low blood sugar like dizziness, extreme hunger, cold sweating, difficulty in speaking or walking, you can eat or drink a sugar snack right away.


Hyperglycemia is a condition in which too much glucose circulate in the blood. It is one common short-term complication of diabetes. It occurs because either the body does not produce any insulin or the insulin produced can not be used effectively by cells.

Diabetic ketoacidosis

Diabetic ketoacidosis is a serious short-term complication of diabetes. It commonly occurs in people with type 1 diabetes. As it can often strike without warning, it can may threaten the patients’ life asymptomatically. Diabetic ketoacidosis is caused when the body has little or no insulin to use.

Hyperglycemic hyperosmolar nonketotic coma(HHNKC) and it is commonly seen in type 2 diabetes, especially occurring in those who are non-insulin dependent diabetics.

HHNKC occurs when blood pressure rises extremely high. Symptoms can include weakness, increased thirst, nausea, confusion and lethargy.

The above are the main short-term complications of diabetes, some of which can threaten your life. Therefore, it is very important to take preventive measures in advance.

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