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Anemia in Diabetic Nephropathy (Diabetic Kidney Disease)


2013-02-19 15:56

Anemia in Diabetic Nephropathy (Diabetic Kidney Disease)Many patients with diabetic nephropathy have some level of anemia. This article explains how the two conditions interact.

Anemia is a disorder in which there are fewer red blood cells than normal, resulting in less oxygen being carried to the body’s cells. The patients often experience fatigue, weakness, poor appetite, dizziness, etc. Also, it can increase the risk of cardiovascular problems.

Anemia occurs in Diabetic Nephropathy because the impaired kidneys produce less erythropoietin (EPO). EPO is a kind of hormone which can regulate red blood cells production.

If anemia occurs in diabetic nephropathy, the blood glucose tests may not be accurate.Low hematocrit levels can falsely increase glucose measurements, leading to monitor test results as much as 20 percent too high. Health providers and patients need to be aware of this combination and consider it when responding to glucose levels.

As anemia can increase the risk of other problems in diabetic nephropathy, it is important to treat the condition effectively early.

Anemia in diabetic nephropathy is commonly treated with a genetically engineered form of EPO that is usually injected under the skin two or three times a week.

In addition, increasing the supplement of foods rich in iron, folic acid and vitamin B12 can be helpful.

Keep blood glucose at the target level and maintain blood pressure under 130/80 mmHg can help reduce the risk of anemia.Controlling the levels of the lipids also can help. Finally, eat a well-balanced diet that includes foods containing iron.

Anemia is a complication of Diabetic Nephropathy. In return, it can increase the risk of associated conditions. Thereby, it is important for the patients to control the condition aggressively.



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