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Nursing Care for People on Dialysis

2012-12-31 16:02

Dialysis is a live-saving treatment when kidneys fail to work. The patients can survive with the aid of dialysis. Proper nursing care can improve the dialysis quality and reduce the incidence of complications.

1. Diet. A large amount of proteins may be lost during dialysis process. The patients should resume their diet and increase the supplement of proteins appropriately. As dialysis is not able to remove phosphorus from blood, they are suggested to limit the intake of foods high in phosphorus restrictively. If the patients have rapid weight gain, swelling or high blood pressure, they should restrict the consumption of fluids and sodium tightly.

2. Monitor the patients’ condition closely. The patients on Dialysis should take regular tests to monitor their levels of electrolytes, blood sugar level, urine output, etc. These test values can reflect the effect of dialysis treatment. If dehydration, weight gain, high blood pressure or other complication occur, the patients should report it to the doctor immediately.

3. Before dialysis is undergone, ultraviolet irradiation is needed in the dialysis room. Keep the windows open for ventilation. These measures can keep the room clean and free of bacteria. Thereby, it can reduce the risk of infection significantly.

4. Monitor the patient’s condition during dialysis. High temperature may indicate an infection. If abdominal pain occurs, the doctor should adjust the dialysis like PH level of dialysis fluid, the position of dialysis tube. Hot pack or massage can relieve the pain for people on dialysis.

The above are the major nursing care for people on dialysis. For more information, you can email to kidneyabc@hotmail.com .

If you send us email, please leave your phone number or WhatsApp/Viber (with country code) in email so that our renal expert can communicate with you timely and directly. We will do utmost to help you solve the problems.

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