End Stage Renal Disease(ESRD) refers to complete or almost complete failure of kidneys. Dialysis is a major replacement for the patients with the serious condition. It can help them live a longer life. So, what is the life span of people with ESRD on dialysis?
Dialysis is also known as artificial kidney and it is used to replace the kidney function for people who suffer from serious Renal Failure. The life span obviously depends on the severity of the disease.
On the other hand, as dialysis only takes a part of function, it can not improve renal function at all. So chances are high that they may not survive for more than a few years in that state unless kidney transplant or other treatment is adopted.
It is reported that the normal life span of people with ESRD is 3~5 years and the mortality rate is 22% annually. It means that surviving beyond 5 years going to be highly unlikely.
How to extend life span of people with ESRD on dialysis?
1. Other intervention treatment
As mentioned above, dialysis only takes a partial kidney function. It only can help filter the macromolecular toxins and wastes from body, but the middle-molecular and macromolecular substances still remain in body and do more harm to kidneys. Therefore, to remove the toxins and wastes completely and reduce burden to kidneys, other blood purification methods should also be used to eliminate wastes such as blood perfusion, plasma exchange, etc
Meanwhile, other treatment should be adopted to rebuild the kidney structure and restore renal function. If the renal function can be improved, their life span will be extended greatly.
2. Cope with the side effects of dialysis
Once the patient has decided to undergo dialysis, there are several side effects that he/she will have to live. Coping with these side effects very well is beneficial to improve their life span. The common side effects that the patients have to live with include anemia, serious infections, bleeding, nausea, headaches and cramps, low blood pressure and nutrition loss.
3. Develop a kidney diet
As dialysis is usually performed 3~4 times a week, it is not like kidneys that work persistently in 24 hours. Since you are on dialysis, developing a kidney diet is also essential, particularly at the intervals of dialysis. Meanwhile, some potassium and proteins may lose during dialysis so you should not have so restrict limitation of them in daily diet.