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ESRD: Cause of Oedema Feet and Anuria

2012-09-19 16:15

End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) is a condition in which the kidneys cannot function normally any more. Typically, this disease is diagnosed when kidney function dips below 10% of normal. If this happens, some patients may experience oedema feet and anuria. What are the causes of these symptoms?

Cause of oedema feet in ESRD

Normally, the kidneys work to remove extra fluid from the blood, which is then excreted as urine. When the kidneys fail to function as normal, this fluid retains within the body. If this happens, people with ESRD can develop swelling of the feet, ankles or hands -- a symptom called oedema. Swelling of the extremities can be uncomfortable and may restrict the patient's ability to move the feet or the hands normally.

Cause of anuria in ESRD

Anuria is defined as a urine output of less than 100 mL/d. This is a very serious medical symptom, which may occur in people with ESRD caused by failure in the function of kidneys.

The production of urine is vital to human body's health. We could not survive if we didn't produce it and eliminate it. Urine, composed of water, certain electrolytes, and a variety of waste products, are filtered out of the blood. A major part of this filtering process takes place in the kidneys.

In normal cases, around 20% of the total blood pumped by the heart each minute will enter the kidneys to undergo filtration. In ESRD, the kidneys can go into failure and stop producing urine or produce only limited amount. Anuria is one among a constellation of end-stage renal failure symptoms.

People who experience ESRD symptoms require continual dialysis or a kidney transplant in order to prevent potentially fatal medical complications. Meanwhile, it is wise to adopt effective treatment to improve the overall kidney function. In this way, the symptoms can be completely relieved.

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