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5 Urine Tests Help Chronic Kidney Disease To Monitor The Change Of Illness Conditions In Timely

2018-04-14 16:46

Proteinuria is one of the typical symptoms of Kidney Disease, which means that there are Proteins in the urine. The difference between Proteinuria and normal urine is quite obvious: lots of small bubbles are not easy to dissipate (lasting for more than 30 minutes).

Usually, if we want to identify whether there is proteinuria, the most authoritative and effective method is routine urine test.

For kidney disease patients, in addition to do some examinations during the treatment, after discharge, we need regular review to know the change of illness conditions. Especially, to do some examinations about urine.

To know about the change of kidney functions, you mush know the 5 urine tests.

1. Urine protein examination

Proteinuria is an important indicator of renal function. It includes two indicators, one is urine protein, the test sheet is "+, -" to show the urine protein, urine protein + indicates positive, the presence of protein leakage. - indicating negative.

In order to judge the serious condition of leakage of protein, the 24 hour urine protein quantification is a more accurate indicator. When the protein is more than 0.15g, it indicates the presence of proteinuria. Patients should pay attention to the changes of these 2 indicators when reviewing, so as to know the change of renal function in time.

2. Urine microalbumin examination

These indicators are mainly used to determine urinary protein status in patients with diabetic nephropathy. Most patients with diabetic nephropathy had microalbuminuria at the early stage, and continuous microalbuminuria appeared in stage 2 and 3. In the 4 stage, there will be large amounts of albumin and 24 hour proteinuria is greater than 0.5g. Further development will be in the period of renal failure.

When looking at this index, you can understand the changes in renal function when observing the index. At the same time, we should actively treat the leakage of proteinuria and avoid renal failure.

3. Urine sediment examination

You can check out the undiscernible hematuria. Urine can also be centrifugally separated to check the condition of red blood cells, white blood cells, tubes, crystals, bacteria and various cells. It is an indispensable and important item in the diagnosis of kidney disease.

It's also a must for patients to review and understand some potential risk factors.

4. Urine occult blood test

Urine occult blood is examined by urine routine examination. There is a red blood cell index in blood examination, and there is also a red blood cell index in urine. If the number of red blood cells, indicating the existence of occult blood was positive. The test sheet is displayed as "+ or several +". It is mainly due to inflammation in the kidneys.

5. Low molecular proteinuria

This index is different from albuminuria examination, it is the loss of renal tubules. Low molecular proteinuria showed glomerular filtration was normal, but renal tubular reabsorption was impaired, and renal tubules were damaged.

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