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How To Diagnose The Stage Of Kidney Failure According To Urine Volume


2019-01-23 14:04

Kidney Failure,Urine Volume,DiagnoseRenal failure in Kidney Disease is a difficult disease to treat. Generally speaking, we classify renal failure into acute and chronic types. What are the symptoms? How to treat it? Following this article to get answer, or you can consult ONLINE DOCTOR directly in free.

First of all, acute renal failure can be divided into four clinical stages: the initial stage, oliguria or anuria stage, polyuria stage and recovery stage.

1. Initial period: When our body appears some symptoms such as shock, then our blood volume will be insufficient, blood pressure will drop, renal blood vessels will contract, renal blood flow will decrease, glomerular filtration rate will also decrease, urine volume will decrease, the body reaction increased the secretion of antidiuretic hormone, aldosterone and adrenocorticotropic hormone, so that urine volume will further reduce.

In this period, insufficient blood volume and renal vasospasm were the main symptoms. Clinically, there were only primary symptoms and fewer urine. This period is very important for the prevention of the progress of acute renal failure, if properly handled in time, it can avoid the development to the stage of renal failure.

2. Oliguria or anuria: The pathogenesis of this period will continue to exist, there will be damage to the renal parenchyma, mainly the degeneration and necrosis of renal tubular epithelial cells, thus entering the oliguria or anuria period. Those who have less than 400 milliliters of urine in 24 hours are called oliguria, and those who have less than 100 milliliters are called anuria.

3. Polyuria: During this period, if the patient is well treated so that he can survive this period, the necrotic and degenerated tubular epithelial cells gradually regenerate and repair, the undamaged nephron gradually restores its function, and the renal function gradually restores and enters the polyuria stage.

4. Rehabilitation period: During this period, with the gradual recovery of our kidney function, protein nitrogen in the blood coma dropped to normal, electrolyte disturbance was corrected, urine volume returned to normal level, and the patient's condition improved day by day. However, due to the consumption in the course of the disease, the kidney's concentrating ability such as weakness, emaciation and anemia has not been fully restored.

Secondly, chronic renal failure symptoms:

Chronic renal failure, patients will appear systemic symptoms, in the early stage of the disease, patients will appear nausea and vomiting, headache, fatigue and nocturia, gradually appear oliguria, edema or high blood pressure. Most patients have peculiar odor, oral mucosal ulcer, epistaxis or gastrointestinal bleeding. They may have neuropsychiatric symptoms such as difficulty in concentrating, slow reaction, numbness of limbs, lethargy or restlessness, and even coma in severe cases. They also have chest tightness, shortness of breath, precordial discomfort, suggesting urrent uremic cardiomyopathy, cough, phlegm or hemoptysis, and can not be at night. Prone, suggesting concurrent pulmonary edema or uremic pneumonia.

A few patients suffer from chest tightness, persistent precardiac pain, or fever of varying degrees, which may be pericardial effusion; such as skin itching, bone pain or muscle convulsions, or even walking inconvenience, suggesting secondary hyperparathyroidism or renal osteopathy; patients are susceptible to various infections, such as respiratory tract infection, urinary tract infection or skin infection.

If you want to know more information, please leave a message below or send the medical reports to us. We will try our best to help you.

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