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Hypocalcemia in Kidney Failure

2014-03-07 07:17

Kidney failure is a condition in which the kidneys fail to function adequately. A myriad of symptoms will appear as renal function declines. Hypocalcemia is a common complaint of kidney failure.

Hypocalcemia in kidney failure

Hypocalcemia is a condition in which the serum calcium is less than 8.5mg/dL or ionized calcium is below 4.6mg/dL. Calcium plays a vital role in keeping the bone healthy. If the level of calcium is lower, the patients will experience many bone problems.

How does hypocalcemia occur in Kidney Failure? The levels of phosphorus and calcium in blood keep balanced in right condition. However, when kidneys fail to function, the diseased kidneys fail to remove phosphorus from blood adequately. Higher levels of phosphorus in blood will reduce the concentration of calcium in blood.

In addition, active vitamin D can stimulate the absorption of calcium from foods in gastrointestinal tract. However, gastrointestinal problem is commonly seen in kidney failure. Decreased level of vitamin D can cause reduced level of calcium in body, thus resulting in hypocalcemia.

Hyperphosphatemia and resistance of bone to PTH can hinder the mobilization of calcium in bone. If the patients with kidney failure develop acidosis, acidosis can increase the excretion of calcium from body. This can decrease the level of calcium further.

How to correct hypocalcemia in kidney failure?

The treatment of hypocalcemia in kidney failure varies from the exact cause. What is the cause in your case? You can consult with doctor for an analysis of your condition.

In general, some calcium supplement will be prescribed. However, the underlying cause of hypocalcemia in kidney failure reduced renal function. To control this condition fundamentally, a treatment should be applied to restore the impaired kidney structure. Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy and immunotherapy are effective treatment options for the patients.

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