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Glomerulonephritis:Swelling in Leg And High Blood Pressure

2013-05-31 17:04

Glomerulonephritis is inflammation of the tiny filters in your kidneys called glomeruli.Glomeruli can help clean the blood and remove extra fluids, electrolytes and wastes from bloodstream.As the disease progresses, the glomeruli may slowly be destroyed, thus leading to an array of symptoms, in wich swelling in leg and high blood pressure are quite common.

Swelling in leg

Glomeruli can filter blood and remove wastes from body normally. Meanwhile,they can sustain useful substances in blood.The proteins are too large to pass through the filters.However,glomerulonephritis can impair the glomeruli,resulting in protein in urine.Protein in blood is just like sponge and it can hold fluid in blood vessels.When the level of protein in blood decreases, the fluid in blood vessels will infiltrate into subcutaneous tissue, leading swelling. For gravity, the swelling occurs firstly in leg.

High blood pressure

High blood pressure in glomerulonephritis is mainly attributed to retention of fluid in body. It is because the impaired kidneys fail to remove the extra fluid from body. High blood pressure is a major accelerator of renal function deterioration in glomerulonephritis.

How to treat high blood pressure and swelling in leg in glomerulonephritis?

The causes of high blood pressure and swelling in leg in glomerulonephritis are given in the above. To control these two conditions,the goal of treatment is to control the underlying causes including controlling protein in urine and increase the removal of fluid from body.

Medicines for high blood pressure are usually prescribed like ACE inhibitors and ARB drugs.These medicines also can help reduce the protein in urine and protect renal function. Diuretics should be used to produce urine to help the body get rid of extra fluid from body. These solutions can help relieve the symptoms, but can not control them completely.

To treat swelling in leg and high blood pressure, the fundamental goal of treatment is to restore the impaired glomeruli. If so, the filters will be able to work normally to sustain protein in body and remove excess fluid from body.

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