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Polycystic Kidney Disease Prognosis and Prevention


Provided by Expert Zhang Youkang on 2012-09-14 11:49

Read on and learn abou the Polcystic Kidney Disease prognosis and prevention.

Polycystic Kidney Disease Prognosis

The prognosis of Polycystic Kidney Disease is extremely variable. Early intervention and treatment of symptoms frequently improves the individual's health.

Patients with many complications and progressive Uremia have poor prognosis; while, those with kidney failure and no complications, experience slow progression and better outcome. So, clinically, the treatment effects of complications play a critical role in deciding the outcome.

Besides, the earlier the symptoms appear, the worse the prognosis will be. Generally, patients may survive 10 years after the occurrence of symptoms. Without dialysis or kidney transplant, the averaged survival age is about 50 years old. The main causes of death include kidney failure, heart failure, intracranial hemorrhage and pulmonary infection, etc.

Polycystic Kidney Disease Prevention

At present, no treatment can prevent the Polycystic Kidney Disease cysts from forming or enlarging. However, there are a few ways to prevent the onset of the disorder.

▪ Have a proper daily diet. This is a big step in PKD prevention. Minimizing the intake of fats and sodium. Eat a diet low in protein, potassium and phosphorus. Consume a healthy amount of vegetables like corn, carrots, or broccoli in the daily life. Whole grains and fruits should also be added into the regular meal.

▪ Do regular exercise to help reduce high blood pressure, maintain a healthy weight, and release stress. People are recommended to do 30 minutes exercise per day. Proper activities include walking, aerobics, light jogging, etc.

▪ Pay attention to the symptoms such as pain in the flank or back, increased blood pressure, urinary tract infections, and blood in the urine. Go to see a physician if you present any of these signs.

▪ Prevent the occurrence of kidney stones. The best way is to restrict the intake of caffeine, alcohol, sodium, particularly after physical exercise. If one takes caffeine after exercise, the dehydration of the body can be aggravated and electrolytes will be removed, thus causing the production of kidney stones eventually.

▪ Do regular check-ups. In this way, the doctor can detect whether the high blood pressure and body fats levels are stable or not. With regular doctor consultation and tests, people can ensure that everything is going well. Moreover, tests for cysts or abnormalities are also needed.



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