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Polycystic Kidney Disease and Liver Cysts

2012-09-22 16:42

Liver cyst is a common manifestation in Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD). Read on and find more information about the relationship between the two diseases.

Risk Factors for liver cysts in PKD patients

- Your age. The liver cysts prevalence increases from 20% in the third to 70% in the seventh decade of life.

- Your gender. Women are more prone to liver cystic involvement than are men. Liver cysts are not only recognized earlier but also are more numerous and larger in females than in males.

What does liver cyst mean for PKD?

Liver cyst infection or cholangiocarcinoma was responsible for 10% of deaths, most occurring in patients on regular dialysis. In the most recent period, it was shown that liver complications have a limited impact on outcome and are less frequent on renal replacement therapy than expected on the basis of these early observations.

Right abdominal pain and fever in the ADPKD patient should prompt the physician to rule out infection of the right kidney and to consider infection of a liver cyst.

What are the treatment options for PKD and liver cysts?

- Aspiration of Cyst fluid. Percutaneous aspiration should always be combined with sclerotherapy using alcohol or minocycline to minimize recurrence as a result of fluid secretion by the cyst wall. Sustained improvement is observed in half of the patients, and a second attempt is effective in half of those with primary failure.

- Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy. It is not an aggressive therapy which doesn’t remove the cysts directly, but shrinks the cysts on kidneys and liver gradually. This therapy promotes the blood circulation around the cysts, which forms a pressure differences. This will force the cyst fluids flowing to the blood vessels. As a result, the cyst fluids will be carried out by the blood circulation. Your cysts on liver and kidneys will become smaller and smaller gradually.

Besides treatments, you can do more to protect your kidneys and liver, such as avoiding strenuous sports or stopping using tight waist belt etc. Talk with your doctors or find more information from PKD health care.

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