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Facts on Type 1 Diabetes


2012-11-28 16:50

Type 1 diabetes mainly occurs among teens covering 10% of diabetes. It occurs due to the body fails to secrete insulin. Therefore, once someone is diagnosed with diabetes,they should start insulin injection immediately.

Type 1 diabetes is less common

Type 1 diabetes is less common than type 2 diabetes and mainly affect people younger than 35. As the pancreatic islet cells fail to produce insulin to meet the body’s need, insulin has to be injected.

Causes of type 1 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disorder. In right condition, immune system can protect the healthy tissues and cells against the foreign harmful substances. However, in some cases, the immune system is activated improperly and regards the pancreatic islet cells as harmful substance and attack them mistakenly. As a result, the impaired cells fail to produce enough insulin to carry sugar, thus leading to elevated blood sugar level.

Symptoms of type 1 diabetes

Increased thirst

Increased hunger

Dry mouth

Nausea

Abdominal pain

Frequent urination

Weight loss

Blurred vision

Complications of type 1 diabetes

If left untreated, type 1 diabetes will lead to a myriad of serious complications, including:

Diabetic nephropathy

Diabetes is the leading cause of end stage renal failure. It is said that 35~45% of people with type 1 diabetes can develop diabetic nephropathy. It mainly occurs among people with more than 10 years’ history of diabetes. In early stage of diabetic nephropathy, the kidney damage can be reversed completely. Therefore, urinary microalbumin test is very important for people with type 1 diabetes, which can help the earliest kidney damage.

Diabetic foot

Diabetic foot is a major cause of amputation worldwide. It occurs due to peripheral vascular disease, neuropathy and infection.

Retinopathy

Retinopathy occurs in 75% to 95% of people with type 1 diabetes. Fortunately, vision loss is not so much common among the patients. Control blood sugar, blood pressure and improve blood circulation can reduce the risk of retinopathy significantly.


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