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Metformin Side Effects in Type 2 Diabetes

Provided by Expert Zhang Youkang on 2013-01-29 16:51

Metformin Side Effects in Type 2 Diabetes Metformin is a kind of oral antibiotic drug. It is used to lower blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes by increasing sensitivity to insulin, delaying the absorption of glucose in intestine and restraining glyconeogenesis. Also, it can help reduce LDL cholesterol and triglyceride levels to prevent the cardiovascular complications of diabetes. Although most people with type 2 diabetes tolerate the medicine well, there are some possible side effects of metformin.

Lactic acidosis

Lactic acidosis is one of serious side effects of metformin. It features with high level of lactic acid builds in body. It can cause the following symptoms:

* Muscle pain

* Trouble breathing

* Feel cold or numb in arms and legs

* Dizziness and tiredness

* irregular heart beat

Gastrointestinal disease

Gastrointestinal disease is a side effect of metformin for people with type 2 diabetes. It mainly includes nausea, anorexia, metallic taste, diarrhea, abdominal pain, etc. This condition can cover 20% cases of people taking the medication.

Allergy to metformin

Some patients are allergic to metformin. If the body is allergic to the medication, the patients will have hives, difficulty breathing, swelling in face, lips and tongue. If these symptoms occur, stop using the medications and visit a doctor.

Additionally, if metformin is used in combination with other drugs, it may cause side effects. Seizure medicines, thyroid medicine or birth control pills tend to boost up blood sugar levels, if they are used when people are on metformin. On the other hand, some other drugs can lower blood sugar levels when they are used with metformin.

Due to the side effects, the patients with type 2 diabetes should never metformin unless the doctor prescribe the medication. Moreover, you should tell what medicines you are taking when the doctor prescribes metformin to you.

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