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What Are the Common Complications of Type 2 Diabetes


2012-12-21 16:36

Type 2 diabetes occurs due to insulin resistance. If high blood sugar is not controlled, it can increase your risk of for many serious complications. The common complications of type 2 diabetes are as follows:

Hypoglycemia

Hypoglycemia is a common short-term complication of type 2 diabetes. It refers that the blood sugar level is lower than normal. When you take medications for high blood sugar, if you take less than usual or are more active, your blood sugar level may drop too much.

Other common causes of low blood sugar level include certain medications and too much alcohol consumption etc.

Ketoacidosis

Ketoacidosis is a serious complication of type 2 diabetes which can lead to diabetic coma or death. Glucose is major energy for cells and tissues in body. As the body is not sensitive to insulin, the insulin is not able to distribute sugar to cells and tissues throughout the body. Your body begins to burn fat for energy, which produces ketones. High levels of ketones can cause ketoacidosis.

Eye problem

Eye problem is one of major long term complications of type 2 diabetes. Blood glucose levels out of range for a long period of time can cause cataracts and/or retinopathy in the eyes. Controlling blood sugar level within normal range can reduce the risk of developing eye problems.

Diabetic nephropathy

If diabetes is not controlled, it can cause gradual loss of renal function. Finally, renal failure will occur. To prevent Diabetic Nephropathy, you should be tested every year for microalbuminuria which is an early sign of kidney problems.

Nerve damage

The tiny blood vessels feed your nerves. If your blood vessels are damaged, the nerves will not function well. Nerve damage can make feet less sensitive to the outside irritation, which can increase the risk of foot injury. Due to high blood sugar level, even a mild injury may cause serious outcome and even amputation.




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